Orthopedic medicine focuses on the musculo-skeletal system's functioning. Doctors and other medical personnel who specialize in this field focus on how the ligaments, tendons, joints, bones and muscles work, and on fixing problems that occur in these areas so that patients can live comfortable and pain-free lives, as least as much as is possible.
Many doctors who work in orthopedic medicine and orthopedic trauma are surgeons, but not all of them. Some doctors and other medical personnel concerned with orthopedic trauma focused on treatments that are non-surgical, including prevention.
If you want to look at orthopedic medicine in easy to understand terms, the focus is done upon the musculo-skeletal parts of the body which can move. Prevention of injury to these parts will consist of training, where one can prevent injury by moving carefully. For example, if one's job entails lifting heavy burdens, he will be taught by a health practitioner to lift those burdens carefully and safely without injury to himself.
Just as one example, oftentimes these practitioners get involved after a Workmen's' Compensation-related injury. Another common focus on prevention may occur when an elite athlete, for example, works with a therapist or trainer after injury to get back in shape, or to prevent injury from happening in the first place.
Orthopedic Trauma Requiring Surgery
A majority of orthopedic cases involve orthopedic trauma requiring surgery. These are cases when non-surgical treatments and therapy do not work. So, a surgeon is going to fix up injuries, for example, those obtained in the sports field, or in an accident, after its occurrence.
It may surprise you to know that among the most common orthopedic traumas to occur are those that are as a result of repetitive injury such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Still other types of repetitive trauma will lead to joint inflammation that may require physical therapy or surgery. In some cases, the best intervention for orthopedic trauma will be orthopedic surgery, followed by physical therapy, and supplemented with medications that help control pain and inflammation.
Other orthopedic medicine [http://www.orthopedicmedicineadvisor.com] techniques, like traction for back problems can also be used. Surgical techniques are now extremely advanced and can make the patient feel that his knee replacement or hip replacement is nearly as good as the original.
Congenital Orthopedic Problems
Some problems are inherited, instead of being injury related. These would need corrective intervention, like surgery or braces. This is normally done in cases like osteogenesis imperfect or cerebral palsy. In such cases, orthopedic tools like braces help the patient to become more mobile.
Orthopedic Medicine Training
A budding orthopedic surgeon or doctor has to study for a number of years in medical school. After that he has to go through residency for another 4 years. Doctors also have the option to gain additional orthopedic qualifications, like for example, sports medicine.
Orthopedic doctors and surgeons are also looking at alternative specialties like chiropractic care as well as massage. The people who practice this sort of orthopedic specialties are not doctors, but have undergone professional training in this field. They normally work with doctors so that they can provide patients with specific treatment in cases of orthopedic trauma and other musculo-skeletal problems.